Printed on 07.08.2020
City and geographical review
The Dnipro River is the main transit watercourse. The width of the river valley is about 4-6 kilometers. The right bank of the river is high and the left one is flat, low-lying. On its way to the city Dnipro enters a low-lying sandy valley. Kherson overflow lands (so called “plavni”) lie in the water meadow of the sandy valley. Their width is about 10 kilometers with the system of islands, divided by channels and branches. Dnipro’s riverbed is very branchy. Fairways go along several branches. The depth is about 5 - 7 meters. River creeks abound in small lakes with their surfaces covered with white and yellow water lilies. There are also Koshova, and the Viryovchyna rivers in Kherson.
Kherson climate is moderate continental, with warm and not too snowy winters and hot dry summers with a considerable amount of sunny days. Quite often hot dry winds and dust storms arise. The warmest summer month is July, with the temperature about +23°С. Max. temperature could be up to +40°С. The climate of the city is transitive from steppe to maritime.
A little bit of the history
«Elektromash» (Electrical machines) Ltd. manufactures electrical equipment and spare parts to automobiles and tractors. The factory cooperates successfully with Russian and inland companies.
Light industry takes an important place in the city's industrial complex. It is represented by the largest Cotton Mill in Europe, the Joint-Stock Society «Krasen», which supplies men and women clothes to the customers from the USA, Germany, Slovakia and other foreign countries.
The processing industry is represented by «Khersonskyi Kombinat Khliboproductiv» («Kherson Cereal Integrated Plant»), the dairy factory, the creamery, the Soft Drinks Factory «Dzherelo» and others. Kherson canned fruit and vegetables, produced by the «Pivdennyi Konservnyi Zavod Dytyachoho Kharchuvannya» («Southern Canning Factory of Infant Food») in particular, are well known among the customers. The Joint-Stock Society «UkrSkloProm» («Ukrainian Glass Works Industry») satisfies more than a half of needs for glass containers in Ukraine.
Kherson oblast is a region of a high-developed agricultural production. Its natural climatic conditions and fertile black soils provide favorable conditions for growing various agricultural crops, vegetables and fruits. Diary and meat complex is well developed as well.
There are 431.1 thousand hectares of irrigated land in Kherson region, which takes up to 22% of the total agricultural area of Ukraine. There are 430 agricultural farms and 3,634 farmsteads in the region. The main role in the gross output of the region's agriculture belongs to growing grain crops, oil-bearing crops, and vegetables. Grain crops are represented by wheat, including winter wheat, rye, barley, oats and millet. Corn, buckwheat, rape, mustard, coriander, legumes and fodder grasses of the legume-type are grown in Kherson region. Sunflowers take a very important place among the oil-bearing crops. Kherson region without exaggeration can be called the ‘bread basket’ of the country.
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